Common Web Page Structure

As per the content of each page, the web page layout may vary.
Here is an example of page content layout that most commonly suits a business / individual needs. The kind of content you have will determine the correct page layout to use.

Wide screen Layout:

Wide-screen-desktops
Here you can see the sections of a web page:
1. Header: Area for branding (logo / site title / site description) may include navigation
2. Feature: Area for Message / Image / Slideshow
3. Sidebar: Area for side menu / widgets / other information
4. Page Body: This is the main content area and any content, text, images, galleries, video clips, etc could also come in here.
5. Footer: website information / links / other information

In a content management system the header footer, main menu and page body, may always be retained, on each page. The page body may vary in layout, and widths can be adjusted by columns.

Responsive Layout:

When the above layout renders on a smaller and narrower screen, the layout will stack like so:

responsive

The responsive layout will adapt to smaller screen sizes as a single column. Assets that are ordered from left to right will now stack top to bottom. The height of the various page segments will vary based on the content, including font and image sizes. Text in images should be minimal and large and once saved as an image becomes pixels. Text in slideshows are possible, but can become cumbersome to work with as sizes and display become unpredictable in responsive layouts.

Note: Responsive layout has become an industry standard to solve the problem of multiple websites for multiple devices. Multiple websites are a challenge to maintain.
Tip 1: Consider your content for layout in smaller viewports.
Tip 2: Simplify Content.
Tip 3: Cut out content fat by writing concisely.


Content File Structure

A primary step in the web design process is planning your content.

How will the web designer properly design a site for you without knowing details about your website content? Sussing out content for your website can indeed become confusing and overwhelming but the web designer cannot possibly provide you with content nor is it legal to cut and paste content from elsewhere, without granted permission. To give you the best possible solution for your needs, it is imperative to know what you are trying to do and for you to provide your own copy and images accordingly. The following is a good starting point, for clarity and sanity.

Think of the different pages your website will likely have. Create a folder structure accordingly, for example in your documents directory or on your desktop.

Begin with the main website folder (label it: e.g. My Website) that will contain all the other folders that represent the pages of your website (e.g. Home, Products, Services, Gallery, etc). In this way you can rename folders as / if necessary.

Inside each of the page folders you can add the content that is required, such as, the text document, images folder, media folder, etc, and add the appropriate items as you source or create them.

Creating a content file structure will also help you think about the sub pages. For instance you may have a products page that is an overview for each product, but you also want each product to have it’s own dedicated page. In your Products folder you can create a folder called ‘sub-pages’ wherein you can create each sub-page folder. Creating a structure like this makes it easy to see the full number of web pages required. The main pages and subpages, will influence the type of menu your site will have in turn affecting and influencing the website design and layout.

Overview

  • Create a Page Structure for your website.
  • Make folders and label them by page title e.g. Home, About, etc. These folders will house the content you have for each page…
  • Save your text and all the assets of the page, such as audio, video, images etc inside each folder. If there is a large number of each, then create subfolders and label accordingly.
  • If there are subpages, create a directory labelled ‘subpages’ inside the folder that represents the page requiring subpages.
  • SEO TIP: Label assets e.g. images descriptively.
  • If there will be a slideshow, group all the slideshow images into a sub folder. Slide shows are optional ways of engaging users.
CONTENT TIP: Your content is important and determines a pages layout in a custom design.

Note:

When you have completed the folder structure and reached the point of adding content inside each folder, do check through to see if you are satisfied with it. You can improve this at leisure and when you are certain that you are finished, don’t be surprised if weeks have gone by to reach this point. If you have come to the conclusion that you are happy with your content within only a few hours of creating the folder structure, do let me know so that I can run and hide from you!, otherwise, do take a rest and look at it once more with fresh eyes. When you are undoubtedly sure that you are happy with your content, link to the content upload form in the C-Zone or zip up your website folder, upload to Dropbox or WeTransfer, and send me the link. You can look forward to hearing from me within 24 – 72 hours!


iPad POP mail Configuration

To set up an email account on your iPad (instructions are based on iOS5, other operating system versions may vary):
1. From the home screen, tap Settings
2. Select Mail => Contacts => Calendars
3. Select Add Account…
4. Select Other
5. From Mail, select Add Mail Account

6. Enter the mail account information:
Name: the name of the mailbox user – for example: John Smith
Address: your mailbox address – for example: administrator@example.com
Password: the password for your mailbox – for example: mypassword
Description: a short description of your mail account so that you can identify it later (in case you want to change any settings)

7. Press Next
8. At the top of the screen select POP or IMAP
NOTE: Please refer to the Difference Between POP and IMAP settings article to determine which incoming mail retrieval standard is a best fit for your current needs.
9. Enter the Incoming Mail Server details:
Host Name: pop.example.com OR imap.example.com (where example.com is your PrimaryDomain)
User Name: your mailbox address – for example: administrator@example.com
Password: the password for the above mail address (should be prefilled)
10. Enter the Outgoing Mail Server details:
Host Name: smtp.example.com (where example.com is your PrimaryDomain)
User Name: the mailbox address – for example: administrator@example.com
Password: the password for the above mail address
11. Press Next
You may get the following message :
“The certificate for “SMTP:administrator@example.com@smtp.example.com” may not be validated”
12. Select Continue
13. If you get a message that a secure connection cannot be established, choose to continue
14. SSL should be set to OFF (this is a default setting)
15. The ports will be configured automatically during the connection process, however, if you wish to configure the ports yourself, the ports are:
POP: 110
IMAP: 143
SMTP: 587


POP/IMAP Email Set Up for Outlook 2011

Outlook 2011 Connecting to POP/IMAP
Setup Email on Outlook 2011

Create a New Account
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1. Open the Tools menu.

2. Click Accounts.

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3. Choose E-mail Account.

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4. Enter your email address.

5. Enter the password for your email account.

6. Verify that the checkbox “Configure automatically” is unchecked.

Account Settings

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1. Enter your full email address for your User name.

2. Your Incoming Mail Server is typically your domain name preceded by either “pop” or “imap”, depending on which protocol you have chosen to use.

3. Your Outgoing Mail Server is your domain name preceded by “smtp”.

4. If you are using POP3 with SSL, please enter 995 for your port. Otherwise leave the port at 110.

5. If you are using IMAP with SSL, please enter 993 for your port. Otherwise leave the port at 143.

6. If you are using SMTP with SSL, please enter 465 for your port. Otherwise change the port to 587.

Note:To change the default ports, check the box “Override default port” and enter the port number you wish to use.

7. Click Add Account.

How to Enable SMTP Authentication
Once the account has been created, you will need to enable SMTP Authentication.

1. Open the Tools menu.

2. Click Accounts.

3. Choose your E-mail account.

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4. Click More Options…

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5. From the Authentication drop-down menu, choose “Use Incoming Server Info”.

6. Click OK.

You should now be able to send and receive email. PLEASE NOTE: You need to adjust your Outlook Settings to delete emails from the server. You can set it to delete after 14 days, etc, but you do need to delete emails at some point because the server mailbox get’s too full and cannot handle email delivery after 10 000 emails or 250mb.

Open Outlook > Click on File > Account settings > Select the Email account > Click on Change > More Settings > Advanced > Delivery > Choose the appropriate options to delete or not store emails on the server. Test your email.


POP / IMAP Email Set Up for Outlook 2010

Open Outlook
1. Select Tools > E-mail Accounts…

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3. Select Add a new email account, then click Next
4. Select POP3, then click Next
5. Fill out the input fields as shown:

outlook-2010
◦ Your name: the name that you wish to appear on your emails in the “From” field
◦ Email Address: the email address of the mailbox i.e. your-name@yourdomain.co.za
◦ Incoming mail server (POP server): see step 2 above – for example: pop.example.com (where “example.com” is your hosting account’s PrimaryDomain or your domain name)
◦ Outgoing mail server (SMTP server): see step 2 above – for example: smtp.example.com (where “example.com” is your hosting account’s PrimaryDomain or your domain name)
◦ User name: your full mailbox name, for example: administrator@example.com
◦ Password: your mailbox password

6. Click More Settings…
◦ Select the “Outgoing Server” tab
◦ Select “My Outgoing Server (SMTP) requires authentication”

7. Click OK
8. Click Test Account Settings. All settings should work.
9. Click Next, then click Finish.
You should now be able to send and receive email. PLEASE NOTE: You need to adjust your Outlook Settings to delete emails from the server. You can set it to delete after 14 days, etc, but you do need to delete emails at some point because the server mailbox get’s too full and cannot handle email delivery after 10 000 emails or 250mb.
Open Outlook > Click on File > Account settings > Select the Email account > Click on Change > More Settings > Advanced > Delivery > Choose the appropriate options to delete or not store emails on the server. Test your email.


Woo-commerce images are fuzzy after update

Help, I’ve applied your theme and my shop images have become fuzzy and pixelated.

This is a common issue on theme changes.
Download the REGENERATE IMAGES PLUGIN.
ACTIVATE IT.

Go to:

WordPress dashboard > Tools > Regenerate Thumbnails. 

Wait for regeneration progress bar to complete, then view your site.
Please note that if your original images were originally good quality, the plugin will surely save good quality outputs from there.


A Start Up Checklist

Once you have

  • Registered or Copyrighted your business, business name, trade name or invention, as well as decided on
  • Business Plan
  • Business Structure
  • Financing
  • Insurance
  • Location

etc, it is time to give it an

identity…

Secure your website domain name
The domain name can be your business name, product name or your name or personal brand name. You can get a CO.ZA domain name free on certain hosting plans. Please note that in some plans this only applies to the fist year. Renewals are usually annual.

Design a Logo:
Call up your designer and get cracking on giving your business a real identity.

Design and Print Stationery:
You still need business cards, for those times when you meet potential customers in person and you want them to remember you. Having your contact details available on a card makes a professional statement about you, and shows your sincerity toward what you do. It also eliminates the possibility of errors in verbal communications of your details. A professional business card should have your full name, telephone numbers, email address, website address and company logo, at the minimum.

Headers and Footers:
To upkeep your professionalism, make sure you have a header or footer with your company logo and details on your letters, invoices, thank you slips, statements, etc. Don’t forget to add them to your social media pages: Linked In, Facebook, Google, etc.

Website:
In those times when you are unable to:
• represent your business,
• verbally repeat what you do and why you do it,
• correctly name each service or product you offer,
• or if you just can’t afford the costs of print and distribution for monthly brochures, leaflets or newspapers, you need a website.

Websites can take some burden off you by handling transactions. Helping you sell your products or services in a clear and direct way.
Websites are a fantastic tool to portray your image professionally and even creatively, presenting you, your product or services to your target audience.
Before getting your website there are requirements such as having a domain name and hosting. Contact me if you wish to receive some guidance on this.
After getting your website there are other factors to consider, such as google analytics, search engine optimization, web advertising.

Packaging:
Snazzy packaging for your products will surely give your products excitement and an edge over others. Get your designer working up cool designs and give your products a chance to compete!

Leaflets, Posters, Banners, Flags, Social Networks:
You may need these if you are seriously trying to advertise your products or services to wider audiences. Your designer can give you thoughtful solutions which you can print in any quantity you like and anywhere you like. If you want topnotch print then head over to the printers that specialize in lithography and digital print. Social Networking sites let you advertise your products or services, and are indeed cheaper alternatives to print media, but by no means a complete solution to advertising requirements. Find a Social Media / Online Marketer to assist you with online marketing.

Further Advertising:
If you got the dream budget then you may consider the avenues of radio, television, digital banners, and widespread internet marketing to advertise. These are surely tried and tested methods of gaining exposure for your products or services.

Good Manners, and Promos:
Sometimes you may want to have your own way of saying thank you to customers with thank you cards, vouchers, customized T-shirts, mugs, and other items that can be used both to say Thank You or as promotional material. This is great business manners, and do be practical and thoughtful, and think of the environment too.

Other things you may be doing:
Starting a Magazine
Writing a book

Contact me to assist you with any of the above. I quote either per project or on an hourly rate.